Vineland New Jersey History
This article is part of an ongoing series highlighting little-known stories about the unusual things that make our great state what it is.
Vineland, Millville and Bridgeton are three Cumberland County towns that statistically comprise three of New Jersey's largest cities, each with 156,981 residents in the 2010 census. The Pinelands are a natural land reserve covering an area of 2.2 million square kilometres. Of all the New Jersey communities that carry the Label City Vineland is the far larger area. It is about 1,000 square feet of land, roughly the size of New York City.
Much of Vineland's history is preserved in the form of the Historic and Antique Society, located one block from downtown. The association runs a museum and library that houses many interesting pieces of local history and organizes events and activities that will keep the history of the city alive for future generations. This museum / research library has been in operation since 1910 and has a large collection that shows the history of the city. It is also involved in a number of other activities, such as the conservation and preservation of historical sites and the restoration of old buildings. Burbury Cemetery, a cemetery built on land donated in 1864 by the founder of New Jersey's first city, George B. Brown, and his family.
New Jersey tax records supplement the land registers and complement this year's census and can be used as a local census for the 1820s. You can buy copies or excerpts of most of the original records on the website of the New Jersey Historical Society, where events have occurred in Vineland over the years. Run a Google search for "Vineland, NJ" in the Family Search catalog of the Places Search and see the "Family Search Catalogs for Places Search" for instructions.
Millville, New Jersey is just 7 miles from Vineland and you will find the Chevra Kadisha Alliance of Vinland, New Jersey, which operates in the same area as the New York City Police Department. Visit the New Jersey County Boundaries and Rotation Map on the National Park Service website to view an animated map illustrating the boundary changes in New Jersey County. Once in New NJ, take Route 55 South and follow Garden Road to Vinlands, take Exit 35B at Brotmanville and get off.
If you were to pass by, you probably wouldn't know that this was once home to an important piece of American history known as the Chevra Kadisha Alliance of Vinland, New Jersey, or even the Vineland Police Department. In 1882, 43 families escaped a pogrom in Russia and settled in this rural southern New York City area, settling in a rural community in southern New Jersey.
The colony was very wealthy, producing more food than needed and selling large quantities of produce to Philadelphia and New York City. In the course of the development of the subway line, it became known as the Greenwich Line, named after the city of Greenwich, New Jersey and its station. This was one of the most industrialized areas of the United States at the time, and the industry was profitable enough to build caviar for New Yorkers, the first of its kind in North America.
The Hudson River, often referred to as the "proto-Hudson," flows north, turns east, follows what has become the Delaware River Valley to Trenton, New Jersey, and then returns to its original course, flowing north into New York City.
The first houses were built in 1862 and in 1864 the railway was established and by 1865 the population increased to 5500. Residents were connected to local businesses that provided jobs, and private and state employment agencies - sponsored by them - also placed workers from Philadelphia and New York on farms in New Jersey.
The city and surrounding counties were merged into a 69-square-mile community and became part of Vineland, New Jersey's second-largest city. Today, it has a population of almost 60,000 and almost 1.5 million people travel to the city every year. In the early 1970s, the New NJ Motorsports Park opened in the city, with a total capacity of 2,500 people per day.
Cohansey's most famous Philadelphia visitor was probably the artist Thomas Eakin (1844 - 1916), who regularly traveled to the family's fish house in Fairfield Township in the 1870s and 1880s. Although I would not call the New Jersey settlers great by today's standards, I do not think they were as bad as most. They decided to settle their colony in South Jersey and found that the good access to a marketplace in Philadelphia offered them a lot of economic opportunities, as well as a good growing season and good weather.
This came true when Vineland was ranked at the top of the New Jersey State Farm Bureau's annual survey of the state's agricultural production. By adding Lenni-Lenape cultivation methods and crops, they brought other plants with them when they settled in South Jersey. They cultivated a variety of fruits, vegetables, grains, nuts and other fruits and vegetables to provide food for the settlers.